It is the invisible people who St. Vincent de Paul worked with and whom the Congregation of the Mission continues to serve worldwide. Many Vincentian Priests and Brothers have made it their mission to serve the population of incarcerated men and women to guide, support, and help heal them as they reintegrate into society as recovering citizens.
For many, one decision is all it takes. One choice, one mistake that alters a life in a way never anticipated. Maurice Jones sits visibly uncomfortable and contemplative as he recollects what went through his mind the day he was arrested. A day so engrained in his memory, 13 years ago seems like yesterday as the emotions flood back to his body and through his mind.
“It was a Thursday. I remember it very, very vividly, September 23. I had on a black t-shirt and khaki grayish blue pants. I was a young 24-year-old. I should have known better.” He stops, takes a deep breath, and sighs, “I could have changed that moment.”
This story is not about Maurice’s journey through our criminal justice system. It is not a story that debates why roughly 2.3 million people are currently incarcerated in the United States or why more than 60 percent of men and women re-offend within the first three years of being released.
Rather, this story serves as a reminder to open our hearts, to find compassion, and to have empathy for those whom mainstream society deems most unpopular.
Maurice’s story is not unique. He walks us through his life: growing up in a tough urban neighborhood, trying to avoid the street life, living in a foster home, traveling to the suburbs to receive an education but understanding that he was only there as he states, “to show a sprinkle of color in a place where there was no color.” Through the thick of it, he always kept his head above water and credits going to a school where he was removed from the social environment he was accustomed to at home. After graduating high school, he entered the military and served for four years. Upon his return, he recalls, “I came home to a place that didn’t want me,” a feeling many young adults can relate to while transitioning from their teenage years, to college years, to adult years.
While Maurice was able to secure steady employment the majority of the time, he was still homeless. At some point when it all seemed like too much to handle, Maurice made a decision that ultimately changed the next six years of his life.
It was one decision. One choice. One moment that altered more than a half of a decade of his life, a felony crime he has always regretted committing.
During those six years of incarceration, Maurice matured. The men inside taught him how to be a real man. They knew he didn’t belong behind bars; he had too much potential. He knew he had to do something different.
“On February 24, 2011, I hit the ground running when they let me out.”
Since then, Maurice has not let a moment pass him by. Currently the operations manager at People Advancing Reintegration (PAR) Recycle Works, a non-profit electronic recycling organization, Maurice manages and mentors to the staff technicians. PAR Recycle Works hires and provides transitional, stable employment for men and women returning home from prison, often referred to as returning citizens. Maurice challenges the people he meets by saying, “What’s your faith walk look like?”
For Maurice, it’s a personal walk. “If you don’t give the creator what’s due, the creator is going to take it. We, as servants of the creator, need to do our part in serving the creator.” PAR Recycle Works is just one small way Maurice takes his personal faith walk in serving the creator.
Many Vincentian Priests and Brothers have made it their ministry to serve the population of incarcerated men and women. They have taken decisive steps to build PAR as a re-entry program. Established by Fr. Tim Lyons, CM, and a group of lay individuals, PAR supports returning citizens in finding stable and meaningful employment, one of the best ways to combat recidivism (a person’s relapse into criminal behavior, often after the person received sanctions or undergoes intervention for a previous crime). Studies have shown that jobs can help deter people from falling into the cycle of recidivism; ninety percent of people who have jobs do not go back to prison or re-offend. PAR is the supporting hand returning citizens need to re-adjust into society and avoid re-incarceration.
Maurice explains why transitional employment opportunities are so important to the success of returning citizens. “After coming home from prison, returning citizens are analog bodies in a digital world. Things have changed so much from when someone who was incarcerated went away to when they are free again. We help returning citizens get acclimated to this world through hard work, gaining more experience, and peer-topeer community building.”
Malik Bandy recounts the time he worked as a technician at PAR. He depicts it as an additional stable resource that provided him extra support and guidance as he reintegrated into society. “I was incarcerated for 20 years. I’ve spent more time incarcerated than free.”
It is hard to imagine Malik behind bars. This towering family man, well-dressed and well-spoken, holds a degree from Villanova University, certifications in various trade roles, and currently works as a researcher at a local Philadelphia university. Malik’s straightforward attitude when talking about prison is refreshing and down-to-earth. He speaks in metaphors as he discusses rehabilitation, and addresses men and women returning home from prison.
SERVING THOSE MOST IN NEED
The Congregation of the Mission follows in the teachings of St. Vincent de Paul, who believed we are all obliged to attend to the salvation of souls anywhere that God calls them, above all, in places where there is the greatest need.
During his time with the Trenton Diocese as coordinator for prison ministry, Fr. Marty McGeough, CM, worked in three different prison levels: federal, state, and juvenile. He crossed paths with men, women, and youth from all different backgrounds and directly served them by hosting masses; offering confession and bible studies; and providing one-on-one counseling.
When reflecting on his ministerial work, Fr. McGeough is direct about his approach. “It is important to understand that re-incarcerated people have made mistakes, and that we also make mistakes. But, God gives us all a second chance. Therefore, we need to ask ourselves, ‘How can I act like God in giving these people a second chance?’ We are all very ready to let them rot, but we need to help them to get out and to get better—in our own minds and hearts, we need to change the way we view incarcerated individuals. We need to stop lumping everyone into one big basket.”
Fr. Richard Rock, CM, adamantly agrees. “Even though they committed a crime, they need respect. Prisoners are some of the most invisible people in the United States.” It is the invisible people that St. Vincent de Paul served and whom the Vincentians continue to serve up and down the Eastern Province and throughout the region of Panama.
Fr. Gregory Cozzubbo, CM, served more than 12 years as a prison chaplain in the Philadelphia area, and admits it is a time during his priesthood when he felt “most Vincentian.” Seeing the same people be released and then return back behind bars can be disheartening. However, Fr. Cozzubbo quickly realizes it often isn’t what he says that matters, but instead that the inmates have someone who listens to them and genuinely cares for them.
He recounts a heart-stirring story that has stayed with him throughout his 34 years of priesthood. “One of the most difficult things to do as chaplain is to tell an inmate a family member has died. Maybe even more difficult than that is having to tell a family member that their son or daughter, who is in prison, died. But that is part of the ministry.” He recalls one specific incident. “I had a call from a mother of an inmate one day saying she’d like to come in and see her son. It was not his visiting day, but she needed to tell him his brother was killed. Her son was a big, tall guy, and she was a medium-sized women. She sat with him, took his hand saying, ‘Son, I have something to tell you, and it is going to be very difficult. Your brother was killed last night.’ He fell in her lap; it was like watching the Blessed Mother hold Jesus, an image I will never forget.”
BECOMING AN ADVOCATE
As a society, it’s easy to turn a blind eye to the 2.3 million people who will eventually become free citizens in the United States. We can pass judgment and wonder an infinite number of why’s about what led Maurice to take that five-mile walk. We can criticize Malik for a fault he made as a young man that took away 20 years of his life. We could blame the foster system Maurice experienced at a young age, the broken homes Malik was passed between, or the housing projects that breed violence and drugs.
But placing blame does not create solutions. The actions of Vincentian Priests like Frs. McGeough, Lyons, and Cozzubbo encourage others to become advocates for those whose voices are not heard. They encourage others to live St. Vincent’s legacy to make a difference by volunteering at local non-profits, altering the opinions of others, giving a voice to the less fortunate, providing monetary donations when able, and, most importantly, keeping those struggling around us in our hearts and prayers.